Sunset Yellow FCF
INS No. 110
FD&C Yellow No. 6
Orange Yellow S
CAS No. 2783-94-0
Sunset yellow occurs as a brown-orange powder or granules. It is principally the disodium salt of 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2- naphthalenesulfonic acid and subsidiary coloring matters together with sodium chloride and/or sodium sulfate as the principal uncolored components and may be converted to the corresponding aluminum lake.
Sunset yellow can be used to provide an orange color to foods, drugs and cosmetics, including dietary supplements, Sunset yellow is used to color many different types of foods including cereals, snack foods, baked goods, gelatins, beverages, dessert powders, crackers, and sauces.
Sunset yellow FCF (INS No. 110) is added to foods and beverages at concentrations up to a maximum permitted level (MPL) as adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. There are more than 60 food categories for which MPLs for sunset yellow have been adopted in the General Standard of Food Additives.
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives), 2011. Seventy-forth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on food Additives. Toxicological evaluation of certain food additives. WHO technical report series; no. 966. Available online
Safety Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Prepared by the Seventy-fourth meeting of the JECFA, 2011. WHO food additives series: 65.Addendum to JECFA 74th Report Available online
EFSA ANS Panel (2014) Reconsideration of the Temporary ADI and Refined Exposure Assessment for Sunset Yellow FCF (E 110). EFSA Journal, 12(7), 3765 [39 pp]. Available online