Spirulina Extract

Identifiers

INS No. 134
CAS No. 20298-86-6

Physical Description

Spirulina occurs as a fine, uniform powder or flakes, darks blue green to green in color. Spirulina extract is prepared by the filtered aqueous extraction of the dried biomass of Arthrospira platensis, and contains phycocyanins as the principal coloring components.

Common Uses

Spirulina extract can be used in a wide range of foods and beverages including flavored dairy products, cheese, dairy based desserts, processed fruits and vegetables, baked good and baking mixes, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and beverage bases, breakfast cereals, cocoa products, confectionery products (including soft and hard candy and chewing gum), egg products, gravies and sauces, herbs and spices, condiments and soup and soup mixes, as well as in nutritional supplements and pharmaceuticals.

Specifications

JECFA

US FDA

Regulatory Approvals

JECFA: A temporary ADI “not specified” was established at the 86th JECFA (2018).

USA: Spirulina extract is exempt from certification and may be safely used to color confections (including candy and chewing gum), frostings, ice cream and frozen desserts, dessert coatings and toppings, beverage mixes and powders, yogurts, custards, puddings, cottage cheese, gelatin, breadcrumbs, ready-to-eat cereals (excluding extruded cereals), coating formulations applied to dietary supplement tablets and capsules at levels consistent with GMP, and to seasonally color the shells of hard-boiled eggs,(21 CFR 73.530) coating formulations applied to drug tablets and capsules at levels consistent with GMP (21 CFR 73.1530)

EC: Spirulina extract is typically considered a coloring food in the EU, rather than a color additive. A coloring food is a food ingredient used for coloring purposes.

 

Safety Reviews

Evaluation of certain food additives: eighty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Geneva: World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2019 (WHO technical report series; no. 1014). Available online

Listing of Color Additives Exempt from Certification; Spirulina Extract, 82 FR 30731 (July 3, 2017). Available online

Listing of Color Additives Exempt from Certification; Spirulina Extract, 80 FR 50762 (Aug 21, 2015). Available online

Listing of Color Additives Exempt from Certification; Spirulina Extract, 79 FR 20095 (Apr 11, 2014). Available online

Listing of Color Additives Exempt from Certification; Spirulina Extract, 78 FR 49117 (Aug 13, 2013). Available online