INS No. 153
Vegetable carbon is produced by the carbonization of vegetable materials such as wood, cellulose residues, peat and coconut and other shells. The raw material is carbonized at high temperatures and consists essentially of finely divided carbon.
Typical applications include confectionery, bakery products, decorations, cheese coating, black caviar substitute, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 23/2012
Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants (Thirty -first report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives) WHO Technical Report Series No. 759, 1987. Available online
EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS); Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of vegetable carbon (E 153) as a food additive. EFSA Journal 2012;10(4):2592. [34 pp.] Available online