INS No. 104
D&C Yellow No. 10
CI Food Yellow 13
CAS No. 8004-92-0
Quinoline yellow occurs a yellow powder or granules and is manufactured by sulfonating 2-(2-quinolyl)-1,3-indandione. Quinoline yellow can be converted to a corresponding aluminum lake.
Quinoline yellow can be used to color cosmetics, drugs, and food, including dietary supplements, sauces, soups and broths, bakery, dairy fats and oil, seafood, seasonings, breath fresheners, desserts, and convenient foods, and beverages.
Quinoline yellow (INS No. 104) is added to foods and beverages at concentrations up to a maximum permitted level (MPL) as established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. There are currently 8 food categories for which MPLs for quinoline yellow have been adopted in the General Standard of Food Additives. Many other applications of quinoline yellow as a color additive in foods and beverages have been proposed and are pending adoption, following completion of the review and comments process.
Safety evaluation of certain food additives (Eighty-second meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives) WHO Food Additives Series No. 73, 2017 Available online
EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS)Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to food; Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of Quinoline Yellow. EFSA Journal 2009; 7(11):1329. [40 pp.]. Available online